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弹簧制造需要哪些材料?
文章来源:http://www.sdzbthc.com/ 发布时间:2021-08-18 浏览次数:
弹簧是一种利用弹性来工作的机械零件。一般用弹簧钢制成。用以控制机件的运动、缓和冲击或震动、贮蓄能量、测量力的大小等,广泛用于机器、仪表中。弹簧的种类复杂多样,按形状分,主要有压缩弹簧、拉伸弹簧、发条簧等。
  
  A spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of mechanical parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store energy, measure the size of force, etc. it is widely used in machines and instruments. The types of springs are complex and diverse. According to the shape, they mainly include compression spring, tension spring, spring spring, etc.
  
  弹簧材料使用广者是弹簧钢(SUP),其他依使用目的而有表A所列各种钢或铜合金线。
  
  Spring steel (SUP) is widely used as spring material, and other steel or copper alloy wires listed in table a are available according to the purpose of use.

 
  
  一、碳钢及合金钢:制造弹簧时,常加矽、锰、铬、钒及钼等金属元素于钢中以增加弹簧之弹性及疲劳限度,且使其耐冲击。
  
  1、 Carbon steel and alloy steel: when manufacturing springs, metal elements such as silicon, manganese, chromium, vanadium and molybdenum are often added to the steel to increase the elasticity and fatigue limit of the spring and make it impact resistant.
  
  1.大型弹簧多用热作加工,即弹簧材料高温轧成棒,再高温加工成形后,淬火于780度~850度左右之油或水中,再施以400度~500度的温度回火。
  
  1. Large springs are mostly processed by heat, that is, the spring material is rolled into a rod at high temperature, then processed and formed at high temperature, quenched in oil or water at about 780 ~ 850 degrees, and then tempered at 400 ~ 500 degrees.
  
  2.小型弹簧,先经退火,再用冷作加工,捲成后再经硬化回火,如钢丝、琴钢丝或钢带。
  
  2. Small springs, such as steel wire, piano steel wire or steel strip, shall be annealed first, then cold worked, rolled and then hardened and tempered.
  
  3.琴钢丝是属高炭钢材(0.65~0.95%)制造,杂质少,直径常小于1/4时经过轫化处理后在常温抽成线,其机械性质佳抗拉强度及轫性大,为优良的拉伸弹簧材料。
  
  3. Qin steel wire is made of high carbon steel (0.65 ~ 0.95%), with few impurities. When the diameter is often less than 1 / 4, it is drawn into a wire at room temperature after bremsstralizing treatment. It has good mechanical properties, high tensile strength and bremsstrahlung, and is an excellent tensile spring material.
  
  4.不锈钢线用于易受腐蚀处,承受高温可用高速钢及不锈钢。
  
  4. Stainless steel wire is used at places prone to corrosion. High speed steel and stainless steel can be used to withstand high temperature.
  
  5.油回火线含碳量0.6~0.7%应含锰,0.6~1.0%常用于压缩弹簧,
  
  5. The carbon content of oil return line is 0.6 ~ 0.7%, which should contain manganese, and 0.6 ~ 1.0% is commonly used for compression spring,
  
  6.板弹簧常用0.9~1.0%之普通钢,其较则使用铬钒钢及矽锰钢。