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汽车悬挂弹簧的作用
文章来源:http://www.sdzbthc.com/ 发布时间:2021-11-24 浏览次数:
弹簧的主要功能就是维持车子的舒适性和保持轮胎完全与地面接触,用错了弹簧会造成行车品质和操控性都有负面的影响。试想如果弹簧是完全僵硬的,那悬挂系统也就发挥不了作用。遇到不平的路面时车子跳起,轮胎也会完全离开地面,若这种情况发生在加速、刹车或转弯时,车子将会失去循迹性。
The main function of the spring is to maintain the comfort of the car and keep the tire in full contact with the ground. Using the wrong spring will have a negative impact on the driving quality and handling. Imagine that if the spring is completely rigid, the suspension system will not work. When encountering uneven roads, the car jumps up and the tires will completely leave the ground. If this happens when accelerating, braking or turning, the car will lose its tracking.
假如路面是绝对的平坦,那我们就不需要弹簧和悬挂系统了。 如果路面的崎岖度较大那就需要比较软的弹簧才能确保轮胎与路面接触,同时弹簧的行程也必须增加。弹簧的硬度选择是要由路面的崎岖程度来决定,越崎岖要越软的弹簧,一般说来软的弹簧可以提供较佳的舒适性以及行经较崎岖的路面时可保持比较好的循迹性。
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If the road is absolutely flat, we don't need springs and suspension systems. If the road surface is rugged, a relatively soft spring is required to ensure the contact between the tire and the road surface, and the travel of the spring must be increased. The hardness of the spring is determined by the ruggedness of the road surface. The more rugged the spring is, the softer the spring is. Generally speaking, the soft spring can provide better comfort and maintain better tracking when passing through the rugged road surface.
但是在行经一般路面时却会造成悬挂系统较大的上下摆动,影响操控。而在配备有良好空气动力学组件的车,软的弹簧在速度提高时会造成车高的变化,造成低速和高速时不同的操控特性。
However, when passing through the general road, it will cause the suspension system to swing up and down, affecting the control. In the vehicle equipped with good aerodynamic components, the soft spring will cause the change of vehicle height when the speed increases, resulting in different handling characteristics at low speed and high speed.