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造成弹簧垫圈开裂的因素
文章来源:http://www.sdzbthc.com/ 发布时间:2022-05-22 浏览次数:
弹簧垫圈广泛用于一般机械设备产品的受力和非受力结构中。它们的特点是成本低,安装方便,适合频繁装拆。在螺纹领域,它们通常被称为弹簧垫圈。有不锈钢和碳钢之分,碳钢也有铁。听说很多人咨询弹簧垫圈,都说之前做的弹簧垫圈有裂纹。我们分析了产生裂纹的主要原因如下:
Spring washers are widely used in stressed and non stressed structures of general mechanical equipment products. They are characterized by low cost, convenient installation and suitable for frequent assembly and disassembly. In the field of threads, they are often referred to as spring washers. There are stainless steel and carbon steel, and carbon steel also has iron. I heard that many people consulted the spring washer and said that the spring washer made before had cracks. We analyzed the main causes of cracks as follows:
1、原材料自身不好,例如品质不过关的合金钢或是304等;
1. The raw materials themselves are not good, such as alloy steel or 304 with poor quality;
2、热处理工艺强度过高,切削性能不太好,造成刚度不够;
2. The strength of heat treatment process is too high and the cutting performance is not very good, resulting in insufficient stiffness;
3、电镀工艺碱脆;
3. Alkaline embrittlement of electroplating process;
4、加工工艺不对;
4. Incorrect processing technology;
在机械结构设计、制做中避免螺帽(或地脚螺栓)全自动回松的方式有:
The ways to avoid automatic loosening of nuts (or anchor bolts) in mechanical structure design and manufacturing are as follows:
1、垫高弹簧垫圈;
1. Raise the spring washer;
2、用六角开槽螺母+销钉;
2. Use hexagon slotted nut + pin;
3、垫高止动垫圈;
3. Pad up the stop washer;
4、六角螺栓的六角头打孔插进钢丝。
4. The hexagon head of the hexagon bolt is perforated and inserted into the steel wire.、
山东弹簧厂
弹簧垫圈在拧紧的情况下裂开,有哪些处理的方法?实际上因为弹簧垫圈遭受了转动地应力,这一地应力很有可能是在力矩时,垫圈和螺帽中间的磨擦而造成的,山东弹簧厂建议大家在在弹簧垫圈两边各加一个薄的金属材料垫圈。
The spring washer is cracked when it is tightened. What are the treatment methods? In fact, the spring washer suffers from rotational in-situ stress, which is likely to be caused by the friction between the washer and the nut during torque. Shandong Spring Factory suggests that you add a thin metal washer on both sides of the spring washer.
假如两边都加了垫圈,那么弹簧垫圈还能具有紧固的功效吗?实际上螺帽和弹垫中间不可以加平垫圈,不然起不上释放压力的实际效果;扭紧时裂开,表明你将弹簧垫圈弄反了,那样不仅起不上紧固的功效并且还难以拧紧,你只需将弹簧垫圈反个方位装上,便是弹簧垫圈的螺旋式方位和地脚螺栓的方位是反方向的,便会非常容易扭紧,而松动时却很艰难。
If washers are added on both sides, can spring washers still have the effect of fastening? In fact, a flat washer cannot be added between the nut and the spring washer, otherwise it will not have the actual effect of releasing pressure; Cracking when tightening indicates that you have reversed the spring washer, which not only can not tighten the effect, but also difficult to tighten. You only need to install the spring washer in the opposite direction, that is, the spiral orientation of the spring washer and the orientation of the anchor bolt are in the opposite direction, so it will be very easy to tighten, but it is very difficult to loosen.
用户应根据自己的使用特点,使用不同的材料和后处理程序。对此,您可以咨询弹簧的生产厂家,比如说关注我们的网站www.sdzbthc.com,咨询关于弹簧的更多事项!
Users should use different materials and post-processing procedures according to their own use characteristics. For this, you can consult the spring manufacturer, for example, pay attention to our website www.sdzbthc.com COM, consult more about spring!